Although building smart city was not a novel concept, it was not until some certain positive outcomes of the Industry 4.0 that the deployment of smart cities really boomed.
What is a smart city?
The key technologies of the Industry 4.0 are now becoming powerful tools for building smart cities. Smart cities are currently being built in many countries such as: the UK, USA, Korea, China, Japan, India, Brazil, Malaysia, etc.
These are "new model" cities pioneering this trend and becoming the role models for the world to learn and follow! According to the 2014 forecast by IHS Technology, by 2025, there will be at least 88 smart cities when compared to the number of 21 cities in 2013.
Application of IOT in Smart City
Implementing IOTs plays a vital role in building a smart city, especially in running the city's day-to-day operations and creating development strategies.
In Europe, the largest smart city initiatives focused on IoT is undertaken by the PF7 SmartSantander project. This project aims at deploying an IoT infrastructure comprising thousands of IoT devices spread across several cities (Santander, Guildford, Luebeck and Belgrade). This will enable simultaneous development and evaluation of services and execution of various research experiments, thus facilitating the creation of a smart city environment.
How has the world developed smart cities ?
The EU developed a range of programs under Europe's Digital Agenda in 2015, which focused on the use of ICT in services to improve the efficiency of public services and the quality of life for citizens.
Arup Group Limited from the UK estimates that the global market for smart urban services will be $400 billion per annum by 2020. (Dept Business, 2013).
The Amsterdam Smart City initiative, which began in 2009 currently, includes 170+ projects collaboratively developed by local residents, government and businesses. These projects run on an interconnected platform through wireless devices to enhance the city's real time decision making abilities. The City of Amsterdam (City) claims the purpose of the projects is to reduce traffic, save energy and improve public safety.
On the 27th and 28th of June 2018, the 8th edition of the international Smart City Event 2018 took place in The Hague (The Netherlands). It gave us the great opportunities to review the initial breakthroughs of Smart Cities.